"Registration of Cervical MRI Using Multifeature Mutual Information"

Marius Staring, Uulke A. van der Heide, Stefan Klein, Max A. Viergever and Josien P.W. Pluim


Radiation therapy for cervical cancer can benefit from image registration in several ways, for example by studying the motion of organs, or by (partially) automating the delineation of the target volume and other structures of interest. In this paper, the registration of cervical data is addressed using mutual information (MI) of not only image intensity, but also features that describe local image structure. Three aspects of the registration are addressed to make this approach feasible. Firstly, instead of relying on a histogram-based estimation of mutual information, which poses problems for a larger number of features, a graph-based implementation of α-mutual information (α-MI) is employed. Secondly, the analytical derivative of α-MI is derived. This makes it possible to use a stochastic gradient descent method to solve the registration problem, which is substantially faster than non-derivative-based methods. Thirdly, the feature space is reduced by means of a principal component analysis, which also decreases the registration time. The proposed technique is compared to a standard approach, based on the mutual information of image intensity only. Experiments are performed on 93 T2-weighted MR clinical data sets acquired from 19 patients with cervical cancer. Several characteristics of the proposed algorithm are studied on a subset of 19 image pairs (one pair per patient). On the remaining data (36 image pairs, one or two pairs per patient) the median overlap is shown to improve significantly compared to standard MI from 0.85 to 0.86 for the clinical target volume (CTV, p = 2 10-2), from 0.75 to 0.81 for the bladder (p = 8 10-6) and from 0.76 to 0.77 for the rectum (p = 2 10-4). The registration error is improved at important tissue interfaces, such as that of the bladder with the CTV, and the interface of the rectum with the uterus and cervix.



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Copyright © 2009 by the authors. Published version © 2009 by IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint or republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works, must be obtained from the copyright holder.


Source code

The source code of the methods described in this paper can be found in the image registration toolkit elastix, available at http://elastix.isi.uu.nl.

The metric can be selected through: (Metric "KNNGraphAlphaMutualInformation").

The exact parameter settings used in this paper can be found at the parameter file database of elastix at entry Par0005.

BibTeX entry

author = "{Marius Staring and Uulke A. van der Heide and Stefan Klein and Max A. Viergever and Josien P.W. Pluim}",
title = "{Registration of Cervical MRI Using Multifeature Mutual Information}",
journal = "{IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging}",
volume = "{28}",
number = "{9}",
pages = "{1412 - 1421}",
month = "{September}",
year = "{2009}",

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